What Is a Quantum Dot Display (QLED)? And Its Influence On Our Screens

Are you a tech fancier and want a Quantum Dot Display in your next dream display setup? No question, a fantastic idea!

What is QLED

Since technologies are discovering new realms of vision by leaps and bounds, the quantum dot display is a buzz-worthy topic. Recently,  the technology emerging globally as a spotlight in modern displays is none other than the quantum dot display technology. 

Quantum dot displays can transform the ordinary viewing experience into a cinematic pleasure. Quantum dot technology is improving continuously to provide more cost-effective displays, have better color performance, and higher brightness levels. 

Thus, it won’t be long before QLED gaming monitors are the criterion for all gaming ninjas. Let’s have a detailed look over quantum dot display technology;

What is Quantum Dot Display Technology?

The quantum dot displays are made up of nanocrystals. Nanocrystals with a photo-emitting quality are known as quantum dots. When a source of energy activates them, they can generate naturally occurring light of a single color. When implemented in quantum dot-enhanced liquid crystal displays (LCDs), a layer of quantum dots is placed on top of a blue LED backlight. 

This blue LED backlight is responsible for emitting all of the blue light that can be seen onscreen and provides the energy necessary for red and green quantum dots to emit their respective colors.

By manipulating the nanocrystals’ dimensions, shapes, and chemical make-ups, it is possible to fine-tune the colors to a high degree of precision. Tiny phosphorescent crystals are used in quantum-dot, or QLED (Quantum dot LED), screens to react to light and electricity. 

These screens are essentially a new type of LED-backlit LCD. The “nanoparticles” are under 500 nanometers in size, and depending on how many atoms they contain, they can glow in various hues. And when exposed to blue light, quantum dots release red or green instead of employing pure white backlights. As a result, you will see more realistic and saturated colors considerably than on a typical LED panel.

What Are Quantum Dots? How Are They Made?

Quantum Dots
Quantum dot emissions from violet to deep red (Source: Wikipedia)

Photo-emissive nanocrystals are quantum dots. When activated by an energy source, they can spontaneously emit monochromatic light.

In quantum dot-enhanced LCDs, a layer of quantum dots is placed on top of a blue LED backlight, which emits all of the blue light discernible onscreen and provides the energy required for red and green quantum dots to emit their hues. Controlling the nanocrystals’ size, shape, and chemical makeup enables precise tweaking of these colors. 

This accurately alters their transmitted wavelengths, creating a brighter display and a broader color gamut, both of which are necessary for contemporary Ultra-HD and HDR displays. The particle’s size and geometry determine what a nanoparticle is.

To be considered a nanoparticle, a tiny scale crucial for defining a material’s mechanical properties, a particle must be smaller than 100 nanometers (nm). Nanomolecular-sized transparent or crystalline particles can emit monochromatic light at wavelengths that are unique to the particles’ size. 

Quantum dots, for instance, weaken light photons when activated by a light source. As a result, the nanoparticle develops conduction bands. Light is produced when excited electrons leave these conduction bands and move back to the atom’s outer orbit. The atomic separation between the conductive band and the outer orbit of the nanoparticle controls the wavelength of this light.

How Do Quantum Dots Work For a Stunning Display?

Every pixel on the screen can produce either red, green, or blue light and, in some instances, a mixture of all three colors. Quantum dots may also be easily adjusted to their predetermined size in order to emit light of a variety of different wavelengths, which results in a superior color generation.

Quantum dots are typically arranged in a film, but they can also be contained in tubes. Tubes are the less common option. 

When the quantum dots are illuminated by the blue LED, they begin to glow in red and green colors. When these three colors are mixed, they generate the “purest” kind of white light. The white light provides the color filters with a more precise source, which enables them to efficiently and precisely filter out the three hues.

The placement of the quantum dots in a QLED display is depicted in the diagram that can be found above. Gradations of red, green, and blue are produced from light emitted from a blue LED light source that travels through a film enhancement layer.

After passing through the liquid crystal display panel (LCD) and the color filter glass, the various light colors arrive at the screen, where they are used to produce an image.

Difference Between Quantum Dot Display and OLED: QLED VS OLED


An organic light-emitting diode, often known as OLED, is most likely another type of display technology you are familiar with. Organic light-emitting diodes, or OLEDs, are made up of organic molecules that light up when electricity is applied. Electroluminescence is the term used to describe this phenomenon.

The operation of an OLED display is depicted in the diagram that follows. The positively charged anode layer is placed on top of the negatively charged cathode layer, creating a sandwich that contains the organic emissive layers.

An electric current will move through each layer, beginning at the cathode and ending at the color filter. Every pixel in an OLED display is its light source, unlike a QLED, which relies on backlights. 

Since they degrade more quickly, the organic materials that make up an OLED panel often have a higher production cost and a shorter shelf life. The self-emitting pixels of an OLED does not generate the same level of brightness as those of a QLED, but they are capable of projecting the darkest black, which results in deeper contrasts. 

Regarding image preservation, OLEDs are far more prone to burn-in than other screens. However, it is essential to keep in mind that in addition to providing excellent viewing angles, rapid response times, and nearly perfect colors, OLED displays also offer.

Are Quantum Dot Displays Ideal for Gaming?

The quantum dot displays have become the perfect choice for gaming. Gamers choose to play on gaming monitors that can deliver an immersive viewing experience, particularly in the arena of esports. Games are presented in strikingly lifelike visual quality with more brilliant colors and crisper contrasts thanks to quantum dot technology.

Quantum dot displays provide deeper blacks, a wider color gamut, and more brightness than a conventional panel, should the player need to enable HDR content. And thanks to their extra features like sync technology and black level stability, QLED displays frequently perform technically better than televisions.

This enables players to quickly progress through graphically demanding games while viewing every aspect in exquisite detail.

Benefits of Quantum Dot Displays

Advantages of QLED Display
  • Colorimetric Accuracy and Enhanced Maximum Brightness: Since the quantum dots can be made to emit a specific quantity of light, this indicates that the color that is created will be more accurate to life. The nanocrystals can render colors across a broader spectrum at the highest possible brightness without sacrificing saturation. This allows photos to be displayed even in extremely well-lit rooms. 
  • Increased Efficient Use of Energy: The operation of quantum dots requires just a negligible amount of energy, which a single pulse of blue light can supply. They can increase the brightness by up to thirty percent while consuming thirty to fifty percent less electricity. Because of this decrease in power use, costs have been decreased. QLED panels emit accurate colors, which results in enhanced energy efficiency compared to standard LCD screens, which waste energy by blending and balancing multiple hues.
  • With a Lower Burn-In and a Longer Lifespan: Because QLED displays are based on previously developed LCD technology, they have the advantage of having a longer lifespan because they rely on cutting-edge backlighting that is also more efficient. As a result of the fact that the quantum dot technology does not degrade over time, QLED displays are less likely to have burn-in. The term “burn-in” refers to the phenomenon in which a portion of an image persists on the screen in the form of a “ghost.” This can only occur when the brightness of each self-illuminating pixel gradually decreases over time.
  • Versatile Sizes and Thinner Panels: QLED displays can be manufactured in a broader range of sizes, with the largest measuring up to 98 inches, due to the ease and cost-effectiveness with which the quantum dot technology is produced. Because they can also be put on huge LCD panels that are thin and flexible, the QLEDs are incredibly simple to carry and set up.

Quantum Dot Display:  Future Technology or Influence on Our Screens?

This technology will significantly impact the next generation of LCD screens, in which quantum dots will be used instead of color filters to save on heat. As we’ve already talked about, color filters leave out specific wavelengths of light to show colors on a screen.

Because of this, a lot of the light from the LEDs in the display goes to waste. To cut down on this waste and make energy more efficient, a layer of quantum dot-pixels behind a liquid crystal display would be an excellent way to make light that is only one color.

 This method would also have the best optical performance possible. Existing quantum dot displays take advantage of the fact that these nanocrystals light up when exposed to light. This is done by shining an LED light on them.

In the future, this technology could be changed by using the electro-luminescent properties of quantum dots to make direct-view quantum dot displays. Instead of unmatched picture quality, doing the  could get unmatched picture quality, with a broader range of colors, better viewing angles, and unmatched levels of efficiency.

Even though some of these benefits are similar to OLED technology, they would change how display technology works in a big way, making it hard for OLED to take over the display market.

Summing It Up

Quantum dot display technology is the future of today’s display world. Quantum Dot-enhanced screens outperform super-premium Organic LED displays (OLEDs), but at a lower cost and without the technological challenges and limitations. Quantum Dots technology first appeared in the premium television market. 

But now, it is increasingly compelled in image-sensitive brands for commercial applications like digital signs, where color depth and accuracy are vital. To enable goods to use or display the entire wavelength spectrum, quantum dots in various sizes are typically added in samples or dispersions. That’s why Quantum dot displays have influenced our screens in recent years.

Sharing is caring!

3 thoughts on “What Is a Quantum Dot Display (QLED)? And Its Influence On Our Screens”

Leave a Comment